CDL Drug Testing – DOT 



As a Truck Driver, what does FMCSA Require me to do?

You must have a DOT Physical Exam, by an FMCSA Certified Medical Examiner
You must have a CDL DOT Drug Test
You must be in a Random Pool Drug Testing Program, 25% Drug, 10% Alcohol
You must conduct Pre-Employment, Post-Accident, Reasonable Suspision and other drug testing in accordance with Federal Regulations


I'm a Single Owner-Operator, with no employees. How do I comply?

Initially, you must have the following completed:

1) Pre-Employment CDL DOT Drug Test and DOT Physical Exam
2) You need to find a drug testing pool/consortium/random pool to be part of a larger group of like drivers


How do I become part of a Random Pool Drug Testing Program/Consortium?

1) FMCSA requires a minimum of 20 donors to be part of a Random CDL DOT Drug Testing Pool
2) Required Testing is 25% Drug and 10% Alcohol
3) Random Pool needs to be drawn from a computer generated program (no you can’t draw from a hat!)

So what if you are an owner/operator, and you don’t have 20 drivers to pull from? That is where we come in. We have other owner-operators, and small trucking companies that we combine to make a larger pool of drivers to pull from. This is called a “Consortium”.


How do I find an FMCSA Certified Medical Examiner for my DOT Physical?

Search the FMCSA Database to find a Certified Physical in your area, or make an appointment at one of our two valley locations, Phoenix or Glendale Arizona.

What if I am on the road, and need a post-accident drug test or a DOT Physical while I am not in Arizona?

911 Drug Testing has contracts with all major labs NATIONWIDE. This means that we have unlimited access to any collection site in all 50 States with all the major labs such as QUEST, LabCorp, and Alere just to name a few. You can either call us to find a location close to your current location, or if you have an account with us, you can order it right from your online portal 24 Hours a Day, 7 days a week, with all results returned in the same manner.
What Drug Panels are tested in a CDL DOT Drug Test?
DOT Drug Testing: After January 1, 2018 – Still a 5-Panel

The DOT testing at HHS-certified laboratories is a 5-panel drug test regimen.  As of January 1, 2018, the ‘Opiates’ category was renamed ‘Opioids’:

  • Marijuana (THC)
  • Cocaine
  • Amphetamines
  • Opioids
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

Under ‘Opioids’, previously ‘Opiates’, DOT testing will continue to include confirmatory testing, when appropriate, for Codeine, Morphine, and 6-AM (heroin).  We added initial and confirmatory testing for the semi-synthetic opioids Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Oxycodone, and Oxymorphone to this Opioids group.  Some brand names for the semi-synthetic opioids include OxyContin®, Percodan®, Percocet®, Vicodin®, Lortab®, Norco®, Dilaudid®, Exalgo®.

Under Amphetamines, DOT testing includes confirmatory testing, when appropriate, for Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, MDMA, and MDA.  To this Amphetamines group, we added initial testing for MDA and removed testing for MDEA.

Since January 1st, we have required confirmation testing for 14 drugs under a 5‑panel test.  Broken out, here is what DOT drug testing looks like:

  • Marijuana (THC)
  • Cocaine
  • Amphetamines  Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA
  • Opioids  Codeine, Morphine, 6-AM (heroin), Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)

You can find details at Transportation.gov here.

Why and when would you use this drug test?
Department of Transporation (DOT) Regulates who, when and why this drug test is administered to. Mostly, its safety sensitive positions in the transportation industry to meet strict compliance regulations. It is a legally defensible drug test.

It is the drug test of choice for workplace drug testing for industry and commercial organizations. It is used as standard for random drug testing, pre-employment drug testing and ‘For Cause’ situations.  This demonstrates the high degree of confidence in this drug testing methodology throughout industry.

In addition, this highly accurate drug test analysis can be used in a variety of civil or legal sectors (e.g. Social Services) along with private individuals to monitor drug use, or provide evidence that drugs are not detected in an individual’s system i.e. proof of abstinence.

Organizations and individuals choose the Urine Laboratory Screen & Confirmation Drug Test option as it provides the following benefits:

  • Includes alcohol testing in urine as standard
  • No additional cost for confirmation drug testing – included in the screen price
  • Suitable for mass screening of workforce 

CDL Truck Driver Drug Test Phoenix

Random Drug Testing Rates for 2019 - CDL Truck Driver Drug Test Phoenix

The following chart outlines the annual minimum drug and alcohol random testing rates established within DOT Agencies and the USCG for 2019. You can find it on the Transportation.gov website here.

DOT Agency
2019 Random Drug Testing Rate
2019 Random Alcohol Testing Rate
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration


Federal Aviation Administration



Federal Railroad Administration

25% – Covered Service

10% – Covered Service

50% – Maintenance of Way * 25% – Maintenance of Way *
Federal Transit Administration



Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration



United States Coast Guard
(now with the Dept. of Homeland Security)



What kind of firms typically use this type of drug testing?
Firms that are Regulated Under Part 40 as follows:

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [FMCSA]

Federal Aviation Administration [FAA]

Federal Railroad Administration [FRA]

Federal Transit Administration [FTA]

Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration [PHMSA]

United States Coast Guard [USCG]  (now with the Dept. of Homeland Security)
CDL Truck Driver Drug Test Phoenix